4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦

☸Dhamma = Dharma

The Buddha's Teaching

4👑☸EBpedia📚 ☸Dhamma     🔝

☸Dhamma, dhamma

1a. ☸Dhamma = The Buddha's Teaching that leads to nirvana.
1b. Dhamma = Natural laws of the universe, like impermanence, death, illness, etc.
1c. many more... 🔬details

2a. dhamma = mental object (e.g. idea, thought, raw sensory consciousness) cognizable by the mind (6aya) 💭 manasā dhammaṃ viññāya.
2b. dhamma = thing. A broad term that can mean anything.
2c. many more... 🔬details

dharma (sanskrit) = dhamma (pāḷi). Since a correct modern English definition of 'dharma' is commonly understood, lucid24.org uses dhamma/dharma, ☸Dhamma/Dharma interchangeably.

The oral tradition works together holistically with Sati, dhamma-vicaya, memorization. It requires Dhamma=specialized Teaching, not "phenomena"

🔗word 'Dhamma' needs to be untranslated


{the practice of} dhamma/Dhamma that accords with {the Buddha's} ☸Dhamma
usage in EBT, all sutta passages here:

☸Dhamma-anu-passana 🐘

The 4th category of 4sp, Dhamme-dhamma-anupassi, means one continuously see the ☸Dhamma in the ☸Dhamma. In other words, one is continuously practicing a ☸Dhamma that is correct, not a corrupt version, not a confused version, not an impure version.
(☸ 8aam) → 7🐘: sammā-sati's 4th category
the real meaning of the cryptic formula in 4sp satipatthana

☸Dhamma "is beautiful" pericope

This passage occurs about 30 times in the suttas. A shorter version, about half as long, occurs in around 30 other suttas.
A good follower:

bahu-s-suto hoti
{is one who has} {👂heard & learned}-much,
(that which he has) heard-(he)-remembers, 🐘
(that which he has) heard-(he)-accumulates.
Ye te ☸dhammā
Those ☸Dhamma-[teachings]
(in the) beginning - (they are) - beautiful,
(in the) middle - (they are) - beautiful,
(in the) end - (they are) - beautiful,
s-ātthā sabyañjanā
meaningful (and) well-phrased,
kevala-paripuṇṇaṃ pari-suddhaṃ
{describing a} perfectly-complete, entirely-pure
brahma-cariyaṃ abhi-vadanti,
holy-life {**********},
tathārūpāssa ☸dhammā
(in) such ☸Dhamma-[teachings]
bahus-sutā honti
(which they've) {👂heard & learned}-much,
remembering (them), 🐘
vacasā paricitā
(through) vocal-recitation practiced, 🗣️
Mentally-scrutinizing (them), 💭🕵️
diṭṭhiyā su-p-paṭividdhā.
(and by) view well-penetrated." 🛆👁


Having heard [and/or learned] the Dhamma.
every occurence of that phrase collected here:
See Dhamma-vicaya and SN 46.3 for how listening to Dhamma precedes sati-sambojjhanga memorizing and recollecting that Dhamma.
The oral tradition works together holistically with Sati, dhamma-vicaya, memorization. It requires Dhamma=specialized Teaching, not "phenomena"
"Dhamma is beautiful" passage is a good example of the oral tradition learning method.
AN 4.191 is good example of prototype oral tradition, hearing, memorizing, reciting


(7sb☀️) → 2💭🕵️Dhamma-vicaya-sam-bojjhaṅga of 7sb and the 4th category of 4sp, Dhamma-anu-passsana, are one and the same

SN 46.3 (7sb☀️)

This is one of the most important models in the EBT. You should have it memorized and know it by heart forwards and backwards. This is the canonical definition of "bhāvana", meditation, every method of meditation that generates samadhi and jhanas, uses this model. It appears as part of many 16 APS suttas, it often appears without the explicit "bojjhanga" suffix attached, but a partial causal sequence is unmistakable. 
(implied: pamojja and pīti would result from contact with inspiring monks)
(0. 👂 Bhikkhūnaṃ dhammaṃ sutvā)
0. 👂 listen to Dhamma [teaching] from a monk [and memorize it]
(1. 🐘 Sati: taṃ Dhammaṃ anus-sarati anu-vitakketi)
1. 🐘 that Dhamma [teaching] (he) recollects and thinks about
(2. 💭 Dhamma-vicaya: taṃ dhammaṃ paññāya, pa-vicinati pa-vicarati pari-vīmaṃsam-āpajjati )
2. 💭 that Dhamma discerning; he discriminates, evaluates, investigates
(3. 🏹 Vīriya: āraddhaṃ hoti vīriyaṃ a-sallīnaṃ.)
3. 🏹 his aroused vigor is not-slackening
(4. 😁 Pīti: Āraddha-vīriyassa uppajjati pīti nir-āmisā,)
4. 😁 his aroused vigor leads to arising of rapture not-carnal (of jhana)
(5. 🌊 Passaddhi: Pīti-man-assa, kāyo-pi passambhati, cittam-pi passambhati )
5. 🌊 with enraptured-mind, his body becomes pacified, his mind becomes pacified
(6. 🌄 Samādhi: Passaddha-kāyassa sukhino, cittaṃ samādhiyati.)
6. 🌄 with pacified body, he is in pleasure, mind becomes undistractable and lucid.
(7. 👁 Upekkha: so tathā-samāhitaṃ cittaṃ, sādhukaṃ ajjh-upekkhitā hoti)
7. 👁 he of such undistractable & lucid mind, thoroughly looks-upon-it-with-equanimity
(7 types of fruits, Nirvana)
Seven different levels of awakening results from proper practice of 7sb.

☸Dhamma-vitakka 💭

☸Dhamma-vitakka 💭: Thoughts related to ☸Dharma

🔬detailed analysis.

This can occur inside or outside of first Jhāna.
In AN 8.30 they're explicitly called "Dhamma vitakka", but in other suttas they can be referred to as Dhamma, as samadhi nimittas, as anus-sati/recollections, as perceptions/sañña.
Especially as 👑8☸ → Sammā-saṅkappo.
AN 5.57 ☸5, AN 6.10 buddha, dhamma..., AN 8.30 Anuruddha, AN 10.48 ☸10,
SN 46 #57-76: 20 meditation subjects that feed in 7sb machine. They can occurs as perceptions in 2nd jhana and up, or as V&V in first jhana.
🐴🐎💭 Book 2: Dhamma vitakka related suttas: You can lead a horse to first jhana, but you can’t make him think.
V&V💭: comprehensive study on vitakka & vicāra

☸Dharma, dharma

(Oxford English Dictionary, curly brace{} comment added by me)

(1) {Dharma:} (in Indian religion) the eternal and inherent nature of reality, regarded in Hinduism as a cosmic law underlying right behaviour and social order.

(1.1) {☸Dharma:} (in Buddhism) the nature of reality regarded as a universal truth taught by the Buddha; the teaching of Buddhism.

(1.2) {dharma:} An aspect of truth or reality. ‘all dharmas are forms of emptiness’

Origin: Sanskrit, literally ‘decree or custom’.

what pali/sanskrit words have made it into English dictionary?

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