4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦

V&V💭 = thinking💭 & evaluation🕵

4👑☸EBpedia📚 V&V💭 🔗📝   🔝

V&V💭 0 – V&V💭 in the EBT
V&V💭 1 – V&V💭 in first jhāna
V&V💭 2 – disambiguation of V&V💭
V&V💭 3 – ⛔ wrong views of V&V💭
V&V💭 4 – foundation role of V&V💭in oral tradition
V&V💭 5 – role of V&V💭in hearing Dhamma while realizing nirvana
V&V💭 10 – misc.

0 – V&V💭 in the EBT

V&V all : every. single. reference. to vitakka in the suttas. 🔗bl

V&V💭: vitakka & vicāra

Vitakka 💭 = directed verbal thought.
Vicāra 🕵️ = the evaluation of that very same directed thought, not a separate train of thought (SN 46.3).
Vicāra explores, inspects, discriminates, evaluates, ponders, scrutinizes, discerns, considers the very same thought initially fixed upon by vitakka.
Vitakka decides on a topic, then gives it to vicara to analyze it further, KN Pe 7.72.
V&V are speech vocalization co-activities, MN 44.5.
  You need to think and evaluate with V&V before coherent speech can be vocalized.

1 – V&V💭 in first jhāna

details: see V&V🌘

V&V💭 in 1st Jhāna🌘

vitakka & vicāra in 1st Jhāna🌘 is intrinsically the same in 1st jhāna as it is outside of it, with 2 conditions.
1. The content of those thoughts, unlike ordinary V&V, must be kusala (skillful) related to Dharma (AN 6.73, AN 6.74, AN 6.75).
1b. The content of the Dhamma vitakka in first jhāna, often is just the meditator mentally reciting the oral instructions of the Dhamma (SN 46.3).
  For example, in 31asb🧟‍ body parts, even in non EBT following canonical Abhidhamma and Vimt. ,
  one mentally recites the body parts (kesa, loma, ...) while in first jhāna.
2. The thinking is attenuated. The intensity and frequency of vitakka is reduced to the point where it would not tire the body
  and/or block kāya-passaddhi (bodily pacification), pīti & sukha (rapture and pleasure) (MN 19).
First jhāna j1🌘 is vocal silence, SN 36.11, where speech ceases, but thoughts connected to Dhamma continue (MN 19, MN, MN, AN 8.30).
Second jhāna j2🌗 is noble silence, 👑😶 , where V&V ceases, S&S🐘💭 takes over.
In third jhāna j3🌖 , S&S🐘💭 does vipassana (AN 4.41, AN 9.36, MN 111), a deeper version of first jhāna doing vipassana using V&V.
S&S and V&V correspond to sati and Dharma-vicaya of 7sb☀️ , SN 46.3.
Sammā-saṅkappo 2💭 (right-resolve) precedes vitakka (thinking), but in most contexts involving jhāna you can treat them as equivalent (MN 117, MN 78).
Even in Vism. and Abhidhamma V&V still means mental recitation of speech. After exiting 2nd jhāna, one mentally chants, 'earth [kasina], earth', to get into third jhāna.

2 – disambiguation of V&V💭

V&V disamb. : comparing V&V of EBT , LBT , and non buddhist religions

3 – ⛔ wrong views of V&V💭

V&V⛔ : 🐎You can lead a horse to first jhāna...
but you can't make him think.🐴💭


4 – foundation role of V&V💭in oral tradition

see V&V🌘 1.4 – Oral tradition, vācā, vaci-sankhara, vitakka
see oral tradition

5 – role of V&V💭in hearing Dhamma while realizing nirvana

Suttas where disciples attain arahantship, stream entry, realizing nirvana while listening to Dhamma talk, and thinking about it with V&V.

Explicit V&V

AN 6.56 Phagguna sutta

Implied V&V

KN Ud 7.1, KN Ud 7.2 Sariputta leads Bhaddhiya the dwarf to arahantship

10 – misc.


KN Pe: Peṭakopadesa (pitaka disclosure): everything interesting it says about jhāna & samādhi

Vimt. chapter on 4 jhānas, 4 arupa attainments

Upekkha in the Jhānas, 7sb, 4bv. : Not just passive equanimity in Jhāna.

(V)isuddhi-magga (Re)-definition of (J)hana

🔗 gloss of first jhāna vivicc'eva kāmehi


🔗 🏦 Bank of V&V: collection of unsorted articles

🔗 Seinfeld jokes about jhana, vitakka and vicara

🔗 vitakka in first jhana synopsis
roboman audio reading, 25min

Even animals use V&V💭 to communicate

V&V as vaci-sankhara, co-activities of speech, is not just an integral part of human oral tradition transmission, it’s a basic universal function of how intelligent animals communicate.
Chimpanzees, 🔗dogs intuitively use V&V.
🔗cats use V&V to save their human friends' lives.

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