4👑☸ Cattāri Ariya-saccaṃ 四聖諦

4👑☸ → MN‍ → MN 51    🔝
 MN 51 – MN 51 Kandaraka: With Kandaraka
    MN 51.1 - (all Buddhas’ sangha at best equals Gotama)
    MN 51.2 - (monastics and lay people do 4sp🐘 )
    MN 51.3 - (humans are shady, animals more transparent)
    MN 51.4 - (four types of people, only arahants harm neither self or others)
    MN 51.5 - (first type: mortify themselves)
    MN 51.6 - (second type: mortifies others, butchers)
    MN 51.7 - (third type: mortifies self and others: kings)
    MN 51.8 - (fourth type: doesn’t mortify self or others)

detailed TOC

 MN 51 – MN 51 Kandaraka: With Kandaraka
    MN 51.1 - (all Buddhas’ sangha at best equals Gotama)
    MN 51.2 - (monastics and lay people do 4sp🐘 )
    MN 51.3 - (humans are shady, animals more transparent)
    MN 51.4 - (four types of people, only arahants harm neither self or others)
    MN 51.5 - (first type: mortify themselves)
    MN 51.6 - (second type: mortifies others, butchers)
    MN 51.7 - (third type: mortifies self and others: kings)
    MN 51.8 - (fourth type: doesn’t mortify self or others)
        MN 51.8.1 - (layperson ordains)
        MN 51.8.2 - (removing wrong actions, wrong livelihood)
        MN 51.8.3 - (noble ethics)
        MN 51.8.4 - (guarding sense doors)
        MN 51.8.5 - (lucid-discerning)
        MN 51.8.6 - (abandon 5niv⛅ hindrances)
        MN 51.8.7 - (four jhānas)
        MN 51.8.8 - (three higher knowledges)

51 – MN 51 Kandaraka: With Kandaraka


(derived from B. Sujato 2018/12)
Evaṃ me sutaṃ—​
So I have heard.
ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā campāyaṃ viharati gaggarāya pokkharaṇiyā tīre mahatā bhikkhusaṃghena saddhiṃ.
At one time the Buddha was staying near Campā on the banks of the Gaggarā Lotus Pond together with a large Saṅgha of monks.
Atha kho pesso ca hatthārohaputto kandarako ca paribbājako yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkamiṃsu; upasaṅkamitvā pesso hatthārohaputto bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi.
Then Pessa the elephant driver’s son and Kandaraka the wanderer went to see the Buddha. When they had approached, Pessa bowed and sat down to one side.
Kandarako pana paribbājako bhagavatā saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi.
But the wanderer Kandaraka exchanged greetings with the Buddha and stood to one side.
Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho kandarako paribbājako tuṇhībhūtaṃ tuṇhībhūtaṃ bhikkhusaṃghaṃ anuviloketvā bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
He looked around the monk Saṅgha, who were so very silent, and said to the Buddha:
“acchariyaṃ, bho gotama, abbhutaṃ, bho gotama.
“It’s incredible, Master Gotama, it’s amazing!
Yāvañcidaṃ bhotā gotamena sammā bhikkhusaṃgho paṭipādito.
How the monk Saṅgha has been led to practice properly by Master Gotama!
Yepi te, bho gotama, ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṃghaṃ paṭipādesuṃ—
All the perfected ones, the fully awakened Buddhas in the past or the future who lead the monk Saṅgha to practice properly will at best do so
seyyathāpi etarahi bhotā gotamena sammā bhikkhusaṃgho paṭipādito.
like Master Gotama does in the present.”
Yepi te, bho gotama, bhavissanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṃghaṃ paṭipādessanti—
seyyathāpi etarahi bhotā gotamena sammā bhikkhusaṃgho paṭipādito”ti.

51.1 - (all Buddhas’ sangha at best equals Gotama)


“Evametaṃ, kandaraka, evametaṃ, kandaraka.
“That’s so true, Kandaraka! That’s so true!
Yepi te, kandaraka, ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paṭipādesuṃ—
All the perfected ones, the fully awakened Buddhas in the past or the future who lead the monk Saṅgha to practice properly will at best do so
seyyathāpi etarahi mayā sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipādito.
like I do in the present.
Yepi te, kandaraka, bhavissanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā tepi bhagavanto etaparamaṃyeva sammā bhikkhusaṅghaṃ paṭipādessanti—
seyyathāpi etarahi mayā sammā bhikkhusaṅgho paṭipādito.

51.2 - (monastics and lay people do 4sp🐘 )


Santi hi, kandaraka, bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṃghe arahanto khīṇāsavā vusitavanto katakaraṇīyā ohitabhārā anuppattasadatthā parikkhīṇabhavasaṃyojanā sammadaññāvimuttā.
For in this monk Saṅgha there are perfected monks, who have ended the defilements, completed the spiritual journey, done what had to be done, laid down the burden, achieved their own goal, utterly ended the fetters of rebirth, and are rightly freed through enlightenment.
Santi hi, kandaraka, bhikkhū imasmiṃ bhikkhusaṃghe sekkhā santatasīlā santatavuttino nipakā nipakavuttino;
And in this monk Saṅgha there are trainee monks who are consistently ethical, living consistently, self-disciplined, living in a disciplined manner.
te catūsu satipaṭṭhānesu suppatiṭṭhitacittā viharanti.
They meditate with their minds firmly established in the four kinds of remembering meditation.
Katamesu catūsu?
What four?
Idha, kandaraka, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ;
It’s when a monk meditates by observing an aspect of the body—keen, aware, and rememberful, rid of desire and aversion for the world.
vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ;
They meditate observing an aspect of feelings—keen, aware, and rememberful, rid of desire and aversion for the world.
citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ;
They meditate observing an aspect of the mind—keen, aware, and rememberful, rid of desire and aversion for the world.
dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassan”ti.
They meditate observing an aspect of principles—keen, aware, and rememberful, rid of desire and aversion for the world.”
Evaṃ vutte, pesso hatthārohaputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca:
When he had spoken, Pessa said to the Buddha:
“acchariyaṃ, bhante, abbhutaṃ, bhante.
“It’s incredible, sir, it’s amazing,
Yāva supaññattā cime, bhante, bhagavatā cattāro satipaṭṭhānā sattānaṃ visuddhiyā sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāya dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāya ñāyassa adhigamāya nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya.
how much the Buddha has clearly described the four kinds of remembering meditation! They are in order to purify sentient beings, to get past sorrow and crying, to make an end of pain and sadness, to complete the procedure, and to realize nirvana.
Mayampi hi, bhante, gihī odātavasanā kālena kālaṃ imesu catūsu satipaṭṭhānesu suppatiṭṭhitacittā viharāma.
For we white-clothed laypeople also from time to time meditate with our minds well established in the four kinds of remembering meditation.
Idha mayaṃ, bhante, kāye kāyānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ;
We meditate observing an aspect of the body …
vedanāsu vedanānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ;
feelings …
citte cittānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ;
mind …
dhammesu dhammānupassino viharāma ātāpino sampajānā satimanto, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ.
principles—keen, aware, and rememberful, rid of desire and aversion for the world.
Acchariyaṃ, bhante, abbhutaṃ, bhante.
It’s incredible, sir, it’s amazing!
Yāvañcidaṃ, bhante, bhagavā evaṃ manussagahane evaṃ manussakasaṭe evaṃ manussasāṭheyye vattamāne sattānaṃ hitāhitaṃ jānāti.
How the Buddha knows what’s best for sentient beings, even though people continue to be so shady, rotten, and tricky.

51.3 - (humans are shady, animals more transparent)


Gahanañhetaṃ, bhante, yadidaṃ manussā;
For human beings are shady, sir,
uttānakañhetaṃ, bhante, yadidaṃ pasavo.
while the animal is obvious.
Ahañhi, bhante, pahomi hatthidammaṃ sāretuṃ.
For I can drive an elephant in training,
Yāvatakena antarena campaṃ gatāgataṃ karissati sabbāni tāni sāṭheyyāni kūṭeyyāni vaṅkeyyāni jimheyyāni pātukarissati.
and while going back and forth in Campā it’ll try all the tricks, bluffs, ruses, and feints that it can.
Amhākaṃ pana, bhante, dāsāti vā pessāti vā kammakarāti vā aññathāva kāyena samudācaranti aññathāva vācāya aññathāva nesaṃ cittaṃ hoti.
But my bondservants, employees, and workers behave one way by body, another by speech, and their minds another.
Acchariyaṃ, bhante, abbhutaṃ, bhante.
It’s incredible, sir, it’s amazing!
Yāvañcidaṃ, bhante, bhagavā evaṃ manussagahane evaṃ manussakasaṭe evaṃ manussasāṭheyye vattamāne sattānaṃ hitāhitaṃ jānāti.
How the Buddha knows what’s best for sentient beings, even though people continue to be so shady, rotten, and tricky.
Gahanañhetaṃ, bhante, yadidaṃ manussā;
For human beings are shady, sir,
uttānakañhetaṃ, bhante, yadidaṃ pasavo”ti.
while the animal is obvious.”
“Evametaṃ, pessa, evametaṃ, pessa.
“That’s so true, Pessa! That’s so true!
Gahanañhetaṃ, pessa, yadidaṃ manussā;
For human beings are shady,
uttānakañhetaṃ, pessa, yadidaṃ pasavo.
while the animal is obvious.
Cattārome, pessa, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ.
Pessa, these four people are found in the world.
Katame cattāro?
What four?

51.4 - (four types of people, only arahants harm neither self or others)


Idha, pessa, ekacco puggalo attantapo hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto;
One person mortifies themselves, committed to the practice of mortifying themselves.
idha pana, pessa, ekacco puggalo parantapo hoti paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto;
One person mortifies others, committed to the practice of mortifying others.
idha pana, pessa, ekacco puggalo attantapo ca hoti attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto;
One person mortifies themselves and others, committed to the practice of mortifying themselves and others.
idha pana, pessa, ekacco puggalo nevattantapo hoti nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.
One person doesn’t mortify either themselves or others, committed to the practice of not mortifying themselves or others.
So anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhappaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati.
They live without wishes in the present life, nirvana'd, cooled, experiencing pleasure, having become holy in themselves.
Imesaṃ, pessa, catunnaṃ puggalānaṃ katamo te puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī”ti?
Which one of these four people do you like the sound of?”
“Yvāyaṃ, bhante, puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, ayaṃ me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti.
“Sir, I don’t like the sound of the first three people.
Yopāyaṃ, bhante, puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, ayampi me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti.
Yopāyaṃ, bhante, puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, ayampi me puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti.
Yo ca kho ayaṃ, bhante, puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhappaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati—
ayameva me puggalo cittaṃ ārādhetī”ti.
I only like the sound of the last person, who doesn’t mortify either themselves or others.”
“Kasmā pana te, pessa, ime tayo puggalā cittaṃ nārādhentī”ti?
“But why don’t you like the sound of those three people?”
“Yvāyaṃ, bhante, puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto so attānaṃ sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ ātāpeti paritāpeti—
“Sir, the person who mortifies themselves does so even though they want to be happy and recoil from pain.
iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti.
That’s why I don’t like the sound of that person.
Yopāyaṃ, bhante, puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto so paraṃ sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ ātāpeti paritāpeti—
The person who mortifies others does so even though others want to be happy and recoil from pain.
iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti.
That’s why I don’t like the sound of that person.
Yopāyaṃ, bhante, puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto so attānañca parañca sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ ātāpeti paritāpeti—
The person who mortifies themselves and others does so even though both themselves and others want to be happy and recoil from pain.
iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ nārādheti.
That’s why I don’t like the sound of that person.
Yo ca kho ayaṃ, bhante, puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhappaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati;
The person who doesn’t mortify either themselves or others—living without wishes, nirvana'd, cooled, experiencing pleasure, having become holy in themselves—does not torment themselves or others, both of whom want to be happy and recoil from pain.
so attānañca parañca sukhakāmaṃ dukkhapaṭikkūlaṃ neva ātāpeti na paritāpeti—
iminā me ayaṃ puggalo cittaṃ ārādheti.
That’s why I like the sound of that person.
Handa ca dāni mayaṃ, bhante, gacchāma;
Well, now, sir, I must go.
bahukiccā mayaṃ bahukaraṇīyā”ti.
I have many duties, and much to do.”
“Yassadāni tvaṃ, pessa, kālaṃ maññasī”ti.
“Please, Pessa, go at your convenience.”
Atha kho pesso hatthārohaputto bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi.
And then Pessa the elephant driver’s son approved and agreed with what the Buddha said. He got up from his seat, bowed, and respectfully circled the Buddha, keeping him on his right, before leaving.
Atha kho bhagavā acirapakkante pesse hatthārohaputte bhikkhū āmantesi:
Then, not long after he had left, the Buddha addressed the monks:
“paṇḍito, bhikkhave, pesso hatthārohaputto;
“monks, Pessa the elephant driver’s son is astute.
mahāpañño, bhikkhave, pesso hatthārohaputto.
He has great wisdom.
Sace, bhikkhave, pesso hatthārohaputto muhuttaṃ nisīdeyya yāvassāhaṃ ime cattāro puggale vitthārena vibhajissāmi, mahatā atthena saṃyutto abhavissa.
If he had sat here a little longer so that I could have analyzed these four people in detail, he would have greatly benefited.
Api ca, bhikkhave, ettāvatāpi pesso hatthārohaputto mahatā atthena saṃyutto”ti.
Still, even with this much he has already greatly benefited.”
“Etassa, bhagavā, kālo, etassa, sugata, kālo,
“Now is the time, Blessed One! Now is the time, Holy One!
yaṃ bhagavā ime cattāro puggale vitthārena vibhajeyya. Bhagavato sutvā bhikkhū dhāressantī”ti.
May the Buddha analyze these four people in detail. The monks will listen and remember it.”
“Tena hi, bhikkhave, suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasi karotha, bhāsissāmī”ti.
“Well then, monks, listen and pay close attention, I will speak.”
“Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ.
“Yes, sir,” they replied.
Bhagavā etadavoca:
The Buddha said this:

51.5 - (first type: mortify themselves)


“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo acelako hoti muttācāro hatthāpalekhano naehibhaddantiko natiṭṭhabhaddantiko; nābhihaṭaṃ na uddissakataṃ na nimantanaṃ sādiyati;
“And what person mortifies themselves, committed to the practice of mortifying themselves? It’s when someone goes naked, ignoring conventions. They lick their hands, and don’t come or wait when asked. They don’t consent to food brought to them, or food prepared for them, or an invitation for a meal.
so na kumbhimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti na kaḷopimukhā paṭiggaṇhāti na eḷakamantaraṃ na daṇḍamantaraṃ na musalamantaraṃ na dvinnaṃ bhuñjamānānaṃ na gabbhiniyā na pāyamānāya na purisantaragatāya na saṅkittīsu na yattha sā upaṭṭhito hoti na yattha makkhikā saṇḍasaṇḍacārinī; na macchaṃ na maṃsaṃ na suraṃ na merayaṃ na thusodakaṃ pivati.
They don’t receive anything from a pot or bowl; or from someone who keeps sheep, or who has a weapon or a shovel in their home; or where a couple is eating; or where there is a woman who is pregnant, breastfeeding, or who has a man in her home; or where there’s a dog waiting or flies buzzing. They accept no fish or meat or liquor or wine, and drink no beer.
So ekāgāriko vā hoti ekālopiko, dvāgāriko vā hoti dvālopiko … pe … sattāgāriko vā hoti sattālopiko;
They go to just one house for alms, taking just one mouthful, or two houses and two mouthfuls, up to seven houses and seven mouthfuls.
ekissāpi dattiyā yāpeti, dvīhipi dattīhi yāpeti … pe … sattahipi dattīhi yāpeti;
They feed on one saucer a day, two saucers a day, up to seven saucers a day.
ekāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti, dvīhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti … pe … sattāhikampi āhāraṃ āhāreti—iti evarūpaṃ aḍḍhamāsikaṃ pariyāyabhattabhojanānuyogamanuyutto viharati.
They eat once a day, once every second day, up to once a week, and so on, even up to once a fortnight. They live committed to the practice of eating food at set intervals.
So sākabhakkho vā hoti, sāmākabhakkho vā hoti, nīvārabhakkho vā hoti, daddulabhakkho vā hoti, haṭabhakkho vā hoti, kaṇabhakkho vā hoti, ācāmabhakkho vā hoti, piññākabhakkho vā hoti, tiṇabhakkho vā hoti, gomayabhakkho vā hoti; vanamūlaphalāhāro yāpeti pavattaphalabhojī.
They eat herbs, millet, wild rice, poor rice, water lettuce, rice bran, scum from boiling rice, sesame flour, grass, or cow dung. They survive on forest roots and fruits, or eating fallen fruit.
So sāṇānipi dhāreti, masāṇānipi dhāreti, chavadussānipi dhāreti, paṃsukūlānipi dhāreti, tirīṭānipi dhāreti, ajinampi dhāreti, ajinakkhipampi dhāreti, kusacīrampi dhāreti, vākacīrampi dhāreti, phalakacīrampi dhāreti, kesakambalampi dhāreti, vāḷakambalampi dhāreti, ulūkapakkhampi dhāreti;
They wear robes of sunn hemp, mixed hemp, corpse-wrapping cloth, rags, lodh tree bark, antelope hide (whole or in strips), kusa grass, bark, wood-chips, human hair, horse-tail hair, or owls’ wings.
kesamassulocakopi hoti, kesamassulocanānuyogamanuyutto,
They tear out their hair and beard, committed to this practice.
ubbhaṭṭhakopi hoti āsanapaṭikkhitto,
They constantly stand, refusing seats.
ukkuṭikopi hoti ukkuṭikappadhānamanuyutto,
They squat, committed to the endeavor of squatting.
kaṇṭakāpassayikopi hoti kaṇṭakāpassaye seyyaṃ kappeti;
They lie on a mat of thorns, making a mat of thorns their bed.
sāyatatiyakampi udakorohanānuyogamanuyutto viharati—
They’re committed to the practice of undistractible-lucidity in water three times a day, including the evening.
iti evarūpaṃ anekavihitaṃ kāyassa ātāpanaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto viharati.
And so they live committed to practicing these various ways of mortifying and tormenting the body.
Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.
This is called a person who mortifies themselves, being committed to the practice of mortifying themselves.

51.6 - (second type: mortifies others, butchers)


Katamo ca, bhikkhave, puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto?
And what person mortifies others, committed to the practice of mortifying others?
Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo orabbhiko hoti sūkariko sākuṇiko māgaviko luddo macchaghātako coro coraghātako goghātako bandhanāgāriko, ye vā panaññepi keci kurūrakammantā.
It’s when a person is a slaughterer of sheep, pigs, or poultry, a hunter or trapper, a fisher, a bandit, an executioner, a butcher, a jailer, or someone with some other kind of cruel livelihood.
Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo parantapo paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.
This is called a person who mortifies others, being committed to the practice of mortifying others.

51.7 - (third type: mortifies self and others: kings)


Katamo ca, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto?
And what person mortifies themselves and others, being committed to the practice of mortifying themselves and others?
Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo rājā vā hoti khattiyo muddhāvasitto brāhmaṇo vā mahāsālo.
It’s when a person is an anointed king or a well-to-do brahmin.
So puratthimena nagarassa navaṃ santhāgāraṃ kārāpetvā kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kharājinaṃ nivāsetvā sappitelena kāyaṃ abbhañjitvā magavisāṇena piṭṭhiṃ kaṇḍuvamāno navaṃ santhāgāraṃ pavisati saddhiṃ mahesiyā brāhmaṇena ca purohitena.
He has a new temple built to the east of the city. He shaves off his hair and beard, dresses in a rough antelope hide, and smears his body with ghee and oil. Scratching his back with antlers, he enters the temple with his chief queen and the brahmin high priest.
So tattha anantarahitāya bhūmiyā haritupalittāya seyyaṃ kappeti.
There he lies on the bare ground strewn with grass.
Ekissāya gāviyā sarūpavacchāya yaṃ ekasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena rājā yāpeti, yaṃ dutiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena mahesī yāpeti, yaṃ tatiyasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena brāhmaṇo purohito yāpeti, yaṃ catutthasmiṃ thane khīraṃ hoti tena aggiṃ juhati, avasesena vacchako yāpeti.
The king feeds on the milk from one teat of a cow that has a calf of the same color. The chief queen feeds on the milk from the second teat. The brahmin high priest feeds on the milk from the third teat. The milk from the fourth teat is offered to the flames. The calf feeds on the remainder.
So evamāha:
He says:
‘ettakā usabhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatarā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā vacchatariyo haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā ajā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā urabbhā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā assā haññantu yaññatthāya, ettakā rukkhā chijjantu yūpatthāya, ettakā dabbhā lūyantu barihisatthāyā’ti.
‘Slaughter this many bulls, bullocks, heifers, goats, rams, and horses for the sacrifice! Fell this many trees and reap this much grass for the sacrificial equipment!’
Yepissa te honti dāsāti vā pessāti vā kammakarāti vā tepi daṇḍatajjitā bhayatajjitā assumukhā rudamānā parikammāni karonti.
His bondservants, employees, and workers do their jobs under threat of punishment and danger, weeping with tearful faces.
Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo attantapo ca attaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto parantapo ca paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.
This is called a person who mortifies themselves and others, being committed to the practice of mortifying themselves and others.

51.8 - (fourth type: doesn’t mortify self or others)


Katamo ca, bhikkhave, puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, so anattantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhappaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharati?
And what person doesn’t mortify either themselves or others, but lives without wishes, nirvana'd, cooled, experiencing pleasure, having become holy in themselves?
Idha, bhikkhave, tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā.
It’s when a Realized One arises in the world, perfected, a fully awakened Buddha, accomplished in knowledge and conduct, holy, knower of the world, supreme guide for those who wish to train, teacher of gods and humans, awakened, blessed.
So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti.
He has realized with his own insight this world—with its gods, Māras and Brahmās, this population with its ascetics and brahmins, gods and humans—and he makes it known to others.
So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti.
He teaches Dhamma that’s good in the beginning, good in the middle, and good in the end, meaningful and well-phrased. And he reveals a spiritual practice that’s entirely full and pure.

51.8.1 - (layperson ordains)


Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto.
A householder hears that teaching, or a householder’s child, or someone reborn in some clan.
So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati.
They gain faith in the Realized One,
So tena saddhāpaṭilābhena samannāgato iti paṭisañcikkhati:
and reflect:
‘sambādho gharāvāso rajāpatho, abbhokāso pabbajjā.
‘Living in a house is cramped and dirty, but the life of one gone forth is wide open.
Nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekantaparipuṇṇaṃ ekantaparisuddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ.
It’s not easy for someone living at home to lead the spiritual life utterly full and pure, like a polished shell.
Yannūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti.
Why don’t I shave off my hair and beard, dress in ocher robes, and go forth from the lay life to homelessness?’
So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya, mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya, appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya, mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya, kesamassuṃ ohāretvā, kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati.
After some time they give up a large or small fortune, and a large or small family circle. They shave off hair and beard, dress in ocher robes, and go forth from the lay life to homelessness.

51.8.2 - (removing wrong actions, wrong livelihood)


So evaṃ pabbajito samāno bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhāsājīvasamāpanno pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho, lajjī dayāpanno sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī viharati.
Once they’ve gone forth, they take up the training and livelihood of the monks. They give up killing living creatures, renouncing the rod and the sword. They’re scrupulous and kind, living full of compassion for all living beings.
Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti dinnādāyī dinnapāṭikaṅkhī, athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati.
They give up stealing. They take only what’s given, and expect only what’s given. They keep themselves clean by not thieving.
Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī virato methunā gāmadhammā.
They give up unchastity. They are celibate, set apart, avoiding the common practice of sex.
Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa.
They give up lying. They speak the truth and stick to the truth. They’re honest and trustworthy, and don’t trick the world with their words.
Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisuṇāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti, ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya, amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā amūsaṃ bhedāya—iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti.
They give up divisive speech. They don’t repeat in one place what they heard in another so as to divide people against each other. Instead, they reconcile those who are divided, supporting unity, delighting in harmony, loving harmony, speaking words that promote harmony.
Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti, yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā tathārūpiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti.
They give up harsh speech. They speak in a way that’s mellow, pleasing to the ear, lovely, going to the heart, polite, likable and agreeable to the people.
Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī, nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ.
They give up talking nonsense. Their words are timely, true, and meaningful, in line with the teaching and training. They say things at the right time which are valuable, reasonable, succinct, and beneficial.
So bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā paṭivirato hoti,
They avoid injuring plants and seeds.
ekabhattiko hoti rattūparato virato vikālabhojanā;
They eat in one part of the day, abstaining from eating at night and food at the wrong time.
naccagītavāditavisūkadassanā paṭivirato hoti;
They avoid dancing, singing, music, and seeing shows.
mālāgandhavilepanadhāraṇamaṇḍanavibhūsanaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti;
They avoid beautifying and adorning themselves with garlands, perfumes, and makeup.
uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti;
They avoid high and luxurious beds.
jātarūparajatapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
They avoid receiving gold and money,
āmakadhaññapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
raw grains,
āmakamaṃsapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
raw meat,
itthikumārikapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
women and girls,
dāsidāsapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
male and female bondservants,
ajeḷakapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
goats and sheep,
kukkuṭasūkarapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
chickens and pigs,
hatthigavassavaḷavapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
elephants, cows, horses, and mares,
khettavatthupaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti;
and fields and land.
dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti;
They avoid running errands and messages;
kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti;
buying and selling;
tulākūṭakaṃsakūṭamānakūṭā paṭivirato hoti;
falsifying weights, metals, or measures;
ukkoṭanavañcananikatisāciyogā paṭivirato hoti;
bribery, fraud, cheating, and duplicity;
chedanavadhabandhanaviparāmosaālopasahasākārā paṭivirato hoti.
mutilation, murder, abduction, banditry, plunder, and violence.

51.8.3 - (noble ethics)


So santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati.
They’re content with robes to look after the body and alms-food to look after the belly. Wherever they go, they set out taking only these things.
Seyyathāpi nāma pakkhī sakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti, sapattabhārova ḍeti;
They’re like a bird: wherever it flies, wings are its only burden.
evameva bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati.
In the same way, a monk is content with robes to look after the body and alms-food to look after the belly. Wherever they go, they set out taking only these things.
So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.
When they have this entire spectrum of noble ethics, they experience a blameless happiness inside themselves.

51.8.4 - (guarding sense doors)


So cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī.
When they see a sight with their eyes, they don’t get caught up in the features and details.
Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.
If the faculty of sight were left unrestrained, bad unskillful qualities of desire and aversion would become overwhelming. For this reason, they practice restraint, protecting the faculty of sight, and achieving its restraint.
Sotena saddaṃ sutvā … pe …
When they hear a sound with their ears …
ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā … pe …
When they smell an odor with their nose …
jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā … pe …
When they taste a flavor with their tongue …
kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā … pe …
When they feel a touch with their body …
manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī.
When they know a thought with their mind, they don’t get caught up in the features and details.
Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati.
If the faculty of mind were left unrestrained, bad unskillful qualities of desire and aversion would become overwhelming. For this reason, they practice restraint, protecting the faculty of mind, and achieving its restraint.
So iminā ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti.
When they have this noble sense restraint, they experience an unsullied pleasure inside themselves.

51.8.5 - (lucid-discerning)


So abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti.
They act with lucid-discerning when going out and coming back; when looking ahead and aside; when bending and extending the limbs; when bearing the outer robe, bowl and robes; when eating, drinking, chewing, and tasting; when urinating and defecating; when walking, standing, sitting, sleeping, waking, speaking, and keeping silent.

51.8.6 - (abandon 5niv⛅ hindrances)


So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato, imāya ca ariyāya santuṭṭhiyā samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena satisampajaññena samannāgato
When they have this noble spectrum of ethics, this noble contentment, this noble sense restraint, and this noble remembering and lucid-discerning,
vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ.
they frequent a secluded lodging—a wilderness, the root of a tree, a hill, a ravine, a mountain cave, a charnel ground, a forest, the open air, a heap of straw.
So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātapaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā.
After the meal, they return from alms-round, sit down cross-legged with their body straight, and establish remembering right there.
So abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti,
Giving up desire for the world, they meditate with a heart rid of desire, cleansing the mind of desire.
byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī, byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti;
Giving up ill will, they meditate with a mind rid of ill will, full of compassion for all living beings, cleansing the mind of ill will and malevolence.
thinamiddhaṃ pahāya vigatathinamiddho viharati ālokasaññī sato sampajāno, thinamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti;
Giving up dullness and drowsiness, they meditate with a mind rid of dullness and drowsiness, perceiving light, rememberful and aware, cleansing the mind of dullness and drowsiness.
uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto, uddhaccakukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti;
Giving up restlessness and remorse, they meditate without restlessness, their mind peaceful inside, cleansing the mind of restlessness and remorse.
vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati akathaṃkathī kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti.
Giving up doubt, they meditate having gone beyond doubt, not undecided about skillful qualities, cleansing the mind of doubt.

51.8.7 - (four jhānas)


So ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahāya cetaso upakkilese paññāya dubbalīkaraṇe,
They give up these five hindrances, corruptions of the heart that weaken wisdom.
vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati;
Then, quite secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unskillful qualities, they enter and remain in the first jhāna, which has the rapture and pleasure born of seclusion, while directing-thought and evaluation.
vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati;
As the directed-thought and evaluation are stilled, they enter and remain in the second jhāna, which has the rapture and pleasure born of undistractible-lucidity, with internal clarity and confidence, and unified mind, without directing-thought and evaluation.
pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti, yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti: ‘upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī’ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati;
And with the fading away of rapture, they enter and remain in the third jhāna, where they meditate with equanimity, rememberful and aware, personally experiencing the pleasure of which the noble ones declare, ‘Equanimous and rememberful, one meditates in pleasure.’
sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati.
Giving up pleasure and pain, and ending former happiness and sadness, they enter and remain in the fourth jhāna, without pleasure or pain, with pure equanimity and remembering.

51.8.8 - (three higher knowledges)


So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti.
When their mind has become undistractified-&-lucidified in samādhi like this—purified, bright, spotless, rid of taints, pliable, workable, steady, and imperturbable—they extend it toward recollection of past lives.
So anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati, seyyathidaṃ—ekampi jātiṃ dvepi jātiyo tissopi jātiyo catassopi jātiyo pañcapi jātiyo dasapi jātiyo vīsampi jātiyo tiṃsampi jātiyo cattālīsampi jātiyo paññāsampi jātiyo jātisatampi jātisahassampi jātisatasahassampi anekepi saṃvaṭṭakappe anekepi vivaṭṭakappe anekepi saṃvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe: ‘amutrāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto, so tato cuto amutra udapādiṃ; tatrāpāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṅgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto, so tato cuto idhūpapanno’ti. Iti sākāraṃ sauddesaṃ anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati.
They recollect many kinds of past lives, that is, one, two, three, four, five, ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, a hundred, a thousand, a hundred thousand rebirths; many eons of the world contracting, many eons of the world evolving, many eons of the world contracting and evolving. They remember: ‘There, I was named this, my clan was that, I looked like this, and that was my food. This was how I felt pleasure and pain, and that was how my life ended. When I passed away from that place I was reborn somewhere else. There, too, I was named this, my clan was that, I looked like this, and that was my food. This was how I felt pleasure and pain, and that was how my life ended. When I passed away from that place I was reborn here.’ And so they recollect their many kinds of past lives, with features and details.
So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte sattānaṃ cutūpapātañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti.
When their mind has become undistractified-&-lucidified in samādhi like this—purified, bright, spotless, rid of taints, pliable, workable, steady, and imperturbable—they extend it toward knowledge of the death and rebirth of sentient beings.
So dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti: ‘ime vata bhonto sattā kāyaduccaritena samannāgatā vacīduccaritena samannāgatā manoduccaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ upavādakā micchādiṭṭhikā micchādiṭṭhikammasamādānā, te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannā; ime vā pana bhonto sattā kāyasucaritena samannāgatā vacīsucaritena samannāgatā manosucaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ anupavādakā sammādiṭṭhikā sammādiṭṭhikammasamādānā, te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannā’ti. Iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate yathākammūpage satte pajānāti.
With clairvoyance that is purified and superhuman, they see sentient beings passing away and being reborn—inferior and superior, beautiful and ugly, in a good place or a bad place. They understand how sentient beings are reborn according to their deeds: ‘These dear beings did bad things by way of body, speech, and mind. They spoke ill of the noble ones; they had wrong view; and they chose to act out of that wrong view. When their body breaks up, after death, they’re reborn in a place of loss, a bad place, the underworld, hell. These dear beings, however, did good things by way of body, speech, and mind. They never spoke ill of the noble ones; they had right view; and they chose to act out of that right view. When their body breaks up, after death, they’re reborn in a good place, a heavenly realm.’ And so, with clairvoyance that is purified and superhuman, they see sentient beings passing away and being reborn—inferior and superior, beautiful and ugly, in a good place or a bad place. They understand how sentient beings are reborn according to their deeds.
So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhininnāmeti.
When their mind has become undistractified-&-lucidified in samādhi like this—purified, bright, spotless, rid of taints, pliable, workable, steady, and imperturbable—they extend it toward knowledge of the ending of defilements.
So ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ayaṃ dukkhanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti.
They truly understand: ‘This is suffering’ … ‘This is the origin of suffering’ … ‘This is the cessation of suffering’ … ‘This is the practice that leads to the cessation of suffering’.
‘Ime āsavā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ayaṃ āsavasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ayaṃ āsavanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ayaṃ āsavanirodhagāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti.
They truly understand: ‘These are defilements’ … ‘This is the origin of defilements’ … ‘This is the cessation of defilements’ … ‘This is the practice that leads to the cessation of defilements’.
Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, avijjāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati.
Knowing and seeing like this, their mind is freed from the defilements of sensuality, desire to be reborn, and ignorance.
Vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti.
When they’re freed, they know they’re freed.
‘Khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti.
They understand: ‘Rebirth is ended, the spiritual journey has been completed, what had to be done has been done, there is no return to any state of existence.’
Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, puggalo nevattantapo nāttaparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto, na parantapo na paraparitāpanānuyogamanuyutto.
This is called a person who neither mortifies themselves or others, being committed to the practice of not mortifying themselves or others.
So attantapo aparantapo diṭṭheva dhamme nicchāto nibbuto sītībhūto sukhappaṭisaṃvedī brahmabhūtena attanā viharatī”ti.
They live without wishes in the present life, nirvana'd, cooled, experiencing pleasure, having become holy in themselves.”
Idamavoca bhagavā.
That is what the Buddha said.
Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.
Satisfied, the monks were happy with what the Buddha said.
(end of sutta⏹️)


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